Aquaculture is the farming of marine organisms, fresh-water or salt-water. It is the fastest growing form of food production in the world. Globally, half of the fish consumed in the world is grown in fish farms.
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Fields of aquaculture
Different fields of Aquaculture include
Backround Information
  • The United States is ranked 10th in total aquaculture production.
  • Aquaculture has been used since 2500 BC with Ancient China.
  • About 32% of global fish production is done through aquaculture.
  • 106 species have been domesticated for aquaculture.
  • In the Us, about 90% of shrimp eaten is farmed and imported.
  • In 2004, the total world production of fisheries was 140.5 million tons.
  • Aquaculture contributed 45.5 million tons (32%) of the total world production.

    Environmental Impacts
    Aquaculture leads to higher than normal levels of fish waste in the water. Waste can also decrease the amount of dissolved oxygen in the water column. Heavily farmed species of fish, such as salmon, are maintained in net contained environments. These cultured fish can escape, mating and competing with wild fish, diluting wild genetic stocks and possibly spreading diseases.

    Types of marine species farmed
  • Mollusks
  • Crustaceans
  • Aquatic plants
  • Fish